Chicago – St. Louis Corridor

Lessons  for shared-use lines.

Issue in Brief

Trains are Now Operating at 110-mph

In 2010, Illinois received a federal grant to demonstrate how 110-mph trains could operate on a heavy-haul railroad.  The corridor was in horrible shape before this project. Today it’s a world-class railroad. So, the Chicago – St. Louis Corridor Project is paying big dividends.

What’s Been Accomplished

  • Completely rebuilt railroad between Joliet and East St. Louis.
  • Safety improvements in every town.
  • More on-time trains.
  • Faster schedules.

What Needs to be Done

  • Reroute trains to the “Rock Island” for faster trips from Joliet to Chicago.
  • Cut travel time between Alton and St. Louis.
  • Double track the entire route to allow Regional Rail.
A map of the Chicago - St. Louis corridor showing the location of signle and doulbe track.

Why This is Important

This is the first time trains have been scheduled to go 110-mph on a heavy haul railroad where freight trains can be more than 2 miles long and each car weighs 143 tons. Hopefully, it sets the stage for upgrading more shared-use lines, whether at 80, 90 or 110 mph.

Innovations include:

  • It sets a precedent for how states and railroads can partner on a fast railroad.
  • It creates a path for approving I-ETMS, the standard safety system on America’s railroads, for faster trains.
  • Improved grade-crossing safety.

Rebuilt from the ground up

The roadbed and tracks have been rebuilt from the ground up, providing a buttery smooth ride. It sets a new standard that all tracks that carry passenger trains should meet. Improved sidings give passenger trains more flexibility to pass freight trains or meet opposing trains with less delay.

Safer Grade Crossings

All the grade crossings have been rebuilt and improved, with gates that are harder to drive around and systems to detect trapped vehicles. There are also lots of improvements in every town that the tracks pass through, including rebuilt roads and sidewalks, plus attractive fences to keep people off the tracks.


New Stations

The stations are either completely remodeled or brand new. These are not only nice for passengers, they are landmarks that bring fresh energy to the small- and mid-size towns along the line.

Interior of a coach car in Amtrak Midwest service.  There is a table with four seats facing it.  Most seats are theatre style.

New Coaches and Locomotives

Trains are now pulled by brand-new locomotives that are clean and quiet, accelerate quickly, and are more reliable. New coaches are being deployed.  The economy class cars are in operation, business class and cafe cars are on the way. 


New Signals

Like the track, the signals and controls were completely replaced.

Track owner Union Pacific also installed I-ETMS, the Interoperable Electronic Train Management System, which is the standard among the various railroads to meet Positive Train Control requirements on heavy-haul railroads.

The Chicago – St. Louis Corridor has blazed the trail for other routes to use this system for faster speeds.

a signal alongside the tracks on the Chicago - St. Louis Corridor.
A example timetable showing a train every two hours between Chicago and St. Louis.

Moving to Regional Rail

The route needs more daily roundtrips. An earlier arrival into Chicago and mid-afternoon departure from Springfield are desperately needed.

And, it is time to move towards Regional Rail, with a train every two hours, at least.

We have created a sample schedule to illustrate what we think is the minimum service level needed to attract substantial passengers.  We assumed the same travel times as today, even though the trains will be faster soon.

It will require:

The Capitol Building in Springfield, IL

Get Involved

The Illinois General Assembly is debating the future transit and regional rail right now.  The package should include a State Railway Program to invest in bridges, trainsets, and better track.

Learn how you can get involved